Plantagenets

King Henry II

French Henry II was the first of the Angevins who were the first Plantagenet kings. A young king who came to the throne at only 21, he ruled for a long 34 years, however Henry II only spent 14 of those years in England, or Britain.

King Richard I the Lionheart

Richard I was known as Richard the Lionheart. He was given this name as he was known for being a brave warrior king. Richard I (The Lionheart) was the oldest surviving son of Henry II. Another king that spent little time in England, only 10 months in his 10 year reign as king.

King John I

King John I was the youngest brother of King Richard I and the youngest son of Henry II. John was appointed king of Ireland in 1177, when he was just 11 years old.

King Henry III

King Henry III is known for being crown when he was just 9 years old, although he did not obtain full control of England until he was 20 years old, in 1227. His reign lasted 56 years making it the longest ever reign of any English monarch (not British).

King Edward I

King Edward ovtained the thrown by inheritance from Henry III. King Edward I was also known as Longshanks because he was over 6ft tall, which was very tall at the time. Edward I fought against Robert the Bruce and was known as the hammer of the scots.

King Edward II

Son of Edward I King Edward II was made the first Prince of Wales in 1301. King Edward II was born in Wales and as a result was often called Edward of Caernarvon, due to his birthplace.

King Edward III

King Edward III was born in Windsor Castle and became king in 1327. Edwards mother was the French Isabella who overthrew his father. His mother ruled while Edward was too young, although Edward was always king. King Edward III fouhgt many battles against the Scots and the French.

King Richard II

Richard II was born in France and for the first part of his reign could not rule because he was too young. At this time the country was run by his uncle, John of Gaunt, whose son Bolingbroke ended up murdering Richard II and became king himself.