All British Kings and Queens, in chronological (date) order

King William I, the Conqueror

King William I, otherwise known as William the Conqueror was born in France on 1028. He became friendly with the current English King, Edward the Confessor. He invaded and attacked England on Edward's death, as he was promised the English crown, but then denied it by the Saxon Harold.

King William II, Rufus

King William II (Rufus) was often known as William the Red due to his odd red colour and hair/complexion. William II is William I son and inherited England while his brother inherited France. William II died under suspicious circumstances.

King Henry I

Henry is the first English king of the Normans. Son of William I and Matilda of Flanders, he was crown on 6th August, 1100 at Westminster Abbey. He married twice, one of his wives was a Scottish princess. King Henry I was king of both England and Normandy. Henry I was brother to Rufus, from whom he inherited the throne.

King Stephen

King Stephen was king of England (and not Normandy), although he was born in France. He was crowned at Westminster Abbey, like his father before him. Stephen was nephew of Henry I and grandson of William I, and was elected to be king in 1135 - although he presumed Henry I daughter Matilda would take the thrown. This decision was made by a council that threw the country into civil war.

King Henry II

French Henry II was the first of the Angevins who were the first Plantagenet kings. A young king who came to the throne at only 21, he ruled for a long 34 years, however Henry II only spent 14 of those years in England, or Britain.

King Richard I the Lionheart

Richard I was known as Richard the Lionheart. He was given this name as he was known for being a brave warrior king. Richard I (The Lionheart) was the oldest surviving son of Henry II. Another king that spent little time in England, only 10 months in his 10 year reign as king.

King John I

King John I was the youngest brother of King Richard I and the youngest son of Henry II. John was appointed king of Ireland in 1177, when he was just 11 years old.

King Henry III

King Henry III is known for being crown when he was just 9 years old, although he did not obtain full control of England until he was 20 years old, in 1227. His reign lasted 56 years making it the longest ever reign of any English monarch (not British).

King Edward I

King Edward ovtained the thrown by inheritance from Henry III. King Edward I was also known as Longshanks because he was over 6ft tall, which was very tall at the time. Edward I fought against Robert the Bruce and was known as the hammer of the scots.

King Edward II

Son of Edward I King Edward II was made the first Prince of Wales in 1301. King Edward II was born in Wales and as a result was often called Edward of Caernarvon, due to his birthplace.

King Edward III

King Edward III was born in Windsor Castle and became king in 1327. Edwards mother was the French Isabella who overthrew his father. His mother ruled while Edward was too young, although Edward was always king. King Edward III fouhgt many battles against the Scots and the French.

King Richard II

Richard II was born in France and for the first part of his reign could not rule because he was too young. At this time the country was run by his uncle, John of Gaunt, whose son Bolingbroke ended up murdering Richard II and became king himself.

King Henry IV

King Henry IV is known to have taken the crown and thrown by force. He made his cousin Richard II abdicate and took his reign for his own. This saga lead to a long running dispute between The House of Lancaser and the House of York.

King Henry V

King Henry V is one of the most well-known English kings, thanks to Shakespeare. Unknown to a lot of people, Henry V was the first English king who could read and write easily in English

King Henry VI

King Henry VI still holds the record for being the youngest king of England, it is unlikely that the record will be broken any time soon. He came to the thrown at just 9 months old. For the first 20 years of his life England and France were ruled by his uncles and advisors.

King Edward IV

King Edward IV fought in the War of the Roses, during which is lost and rewon the crown to the Lancastrians. Most of King Edward IV reign was ruled by the War of the Roses.

King Edward V

King Edward V reign was very short. He lasted only 2 months and 17 days as the king. The king was only 12 years old when he took the thrown.

King Richard III

King Richard III is another English king with a short reign of only two years. Richard III was prime suspect for the murders of the two princes, Edward and Richard.

King Henry VII

King Henry VII was the first of the Tudors to be in power. Henry VII came to power by killing Richard III in battle. Henry VII spent a lot of his younger life travelling and fleeing during the War of the Roses. It was at the Battle of Bosworth that Henry killed the king and ended the War of the Roses.

King Henry VIII

King Henry VIII is arguably the most well-known king of England. Famous for beheading his wives, of which he had six, King Henry VIII also had several children.

King Edward VI

King Edward VI was king but under total protection from his uncle, the Duke of Somerset. King Edward didn't live long, and was a very unhealthy and ill young man. He died at only aged 15.

Queen Mary I (Bloody Mary)

Queen Mary I or Bloody Mary was not the first queen of England. Lady Jane Grey was next in line after Henry VIII, but reigned for only 9 days after Mary I entered London with her supporters and executed Lady Jane Grey at age 17. The Queen's nickname came from the huge numbers of people that she killed to return England to the Catholic faith.

Queen Elizabeth

Queen Elizabeth I is famous for lots of achievements during her reign. The strong queen successfully fought off the Spanish Armada against all odds, as well as discovering lots of new lands during her reign.

King James I

King James I was already King of Scotland when he got the English crown. King James I was the first ruler to call himself King of Great Britain, as he ruled England, Scotland and Wales. King James was the first King of Great Britain.

King Charles I

King Charles I came to the throne when his elder brother Henry died in 1612. King Charles I was king of Great Britain and Ireland from 1625.

King Charles II

King Charles II was crowned king of Scotland in 1651. When Richard Cromwell, who was lord protector of England at the time, was abdicated Charles returned to London. King Charles II was only 13 when he returned, but took rule over all of Great Britain.

King James II

King James II was king of England and Scotland (as James VII) from 1685 when he was crowned. King James II was only 15 when he escaped to France in 1648 disguised as a young girl. King James II was well known for trying to force people to follow his Roman Catholic faith. Because of this he became very unpopular, especially amoung Protestants, and was generally hated by the people.

King William III

King William III ruled along side his wife, who took the thrown initially, Queen Mary II. Mary and her husband James were offered the crown after James' abdication.

Queen Anne

Queen Anne was the daughter of James II and Anne Hyde. Queen Anne was queen of Great Britain and Ireland between 1702 and 1714. Her nickname was Brandy Nan because of her alleged taste for fine French brandy, she also had the nicknames of Mrs Bull and Mrs Morely.

King George I

George I is the first German-born king of Britain. George was declard: George by the Grace of God and king of Great Britain, France and Ireland, on 1st August 1714. King George I set the record at the time for being the oldest monarch in British history.

King George II

King George II was king of Great Britain and Ireland from 1727. Like his father George preferred Germany to England. Unlike his father though, King George II made an effort to learn to speak English.

King George III

King George III reigned over Great Britain and Ireland from 1760. King George III was the firstHanoverian monarch to be born in England. Notably, King George III was the first monarch since Queen Anne to put Britain before Germany, or Hanover.

King George IV

King George IV became king in 1820, before that he was regent, and acting king, while his father was ill and suffering fits of madness. The King built Brighton's pavilion.

King William IV

King William IV was king of Great Britain and Ireland from 1830. The King became known as the Sailor King after joining the navy from just 13 years old. During his reign King William IV saw the passing of the infamous Reform Act of 1832.

Queen Victoria

Queen Victoria is known for her part in the industrial revolution. The Queen took Britain and turned it into a rich, powerful and confident country. Queen Victoria took the record for the longest reign for a monarch in British history of 64 years.

King Edward VII

King Edward VII is the eldest son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. King Edward VII was given the title of Price of Wales immediately after his birth. He became king at an old age of 60, when most men were looking to retire.

King George V

King George V decided the change the family name to Windsor due to the very strong feeling of dislike towards German's at the time. King George V ruled Britain throughout the first Word War, between 1914 and 1918.

King Edward VIII

King Edward VIII ruled for only 325 days. He abdicated the thrown so that he could marry his love Wallis Simpson. A king is not able to marry a divorced woman and become king, and Mrs Simpson was an american divorcee.

King George VI

King George VI did not expect to become king, he was the shy brother of Edward VIII who only took the thrown when Edward abdicated. King George VI ruled during World War two and bravely refused to leave London during the blitz. The two princesses; Elizabeth and Margaret, spent the war years in Windsor Castle away from harm.

Queen Elizabeth II

Queen Elizabeth II is the current queen and monarch of Britain. Taking over at the age of 26, Elizabth took the thrown in 1952. Queen Elizabeth II was the first monarch who had their coronation broadcast on national television, making it the most accessible British coronation at the time.